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1.Static anthropometry, standing heights



The datasheet relevant to Indian anthropometric dimension in standing posture, i.e, heights, depths, breadths and circumferences at specific landmarks are presented here in followed by the key mentioned below.


The source reference :- Chakrabarti, D.,1997: Indian Anthropometric Dimensions for Ergonomic design Practice, NID, Ahmedabad, India



Key to follow the datasheet.


The below key structure showing landmarks, definitions and data table structure
is used in all the data sheets incorporated in this presentation under different experiment heads.


The compiled data (with relevant descriptions of anthropometric terminology and illustrative descriptions with the respective measurement landmarks) are presented herewith as INDIAN ANTHROPOMETRIC DIMENSIONS separately for Males, Females and Combined (males and females both considering a single study
population) forms in the sequence of  illustrative measurement land marks, brief of dimensions! measurements and the data table. Dimensional reference numbers as 'R. No.' shown in illustrations and referred both in definitions and in data tables simultaneously. All dimensions (except body weight in Kg) are in millimeters (mm).


R.No. Parameters
Definition ( brief)
1. Weight Body weight of the person with minimum clothes, and without shoes.
  Measurements in standing posture
Heights from floor
  Vertical distances from the floor to the respective points (as mentioned specifically) of the body while standing in stretched erect posture (except relaxed normal standing height), feet together and firmly placed on the ground, weight equally distributed on both feet, looking straight ahead, palm flat against side of the thigh.
2. Normal standing Top of the head, standing in normal relaxed erect posture.
3. Stature Top to head, standing in erect stretched posture
4. Eye Inner corner of the eye.








R.No. Parameters Definition ( brief)
5. Cervical Most prominent spinousprocessof the seventh cervical vertebra.
6. Mid shoulder Uppermost point on the mid-level of the shoulder
7. Acromion Most lateral point of the shoulder on the superior surface of the acromion process of the scapula.
8. Supra sternum Upper most point of the sternum.
9. Substernum Lower most point of the sternum





R.No. Parameters
Definition ( brief)
10. Elbow Most proximal point of the olecranon-tip of the ulna.
11. Abdominal extension Maximum extended point of the abdomen.
12. Waist Upper margin of the lateral iliaccrests (where the belt is worn).
13. Crotch Lower most point of the trunk between the legs. (wearing underwear).
14. Buttock extension Maximum extended point of the buttocks (the fleshy protuberances forming the lower and back part of the trunk).







R.No. Parameters Definition ( brief)
15. Gluteal furrow The furrow, formed in between the buttocks and the upper thigh muscles.
16. Tip of radius Tip of the radius (Stylion).
17. Trochanter Uppermost point on the lateral projection of the great trochanter bone.
18. Knuckle Tip of the knuckle of the middle finger (where the middle finger meets the palm at dorsal surface).
19. Dactylion Tip of the middle finger.
R.No. Parameters Definition (brief)
20 Mid-patella Mid mid point of the patella (the Knee bone)
21 Lateral malleolus Lower most point of the fibula
22 Medial malleolus Lower most point of the tibia.
    Breadths, Depths and Lengths
    Horizontal distances between two respective points
23 Span Maximum horizontal distance between the middle fingertips when both the arms are stretched out fully sideways perpendicular to the trunk.
24 Span akimbo
Maximum horizontal distance between the tips of the elbows when both the upper arms are stretched out sideways perpendicular to the trunk and the elbows are fully flexed so that the tips of the middle finger of both the hands touch each other.


R.No. Parameters
Definition ( brief)
25. Maximum body breadth, relaxed
Maximum horizontal distance across the body including arms hanging relaxed at sides.
26. Chest depth
Horizontal distance from the back to the front of the chest at the nipple level.
27. Maximum body depth, relaxed
Maximum horizontal distance between the vertical planes passing through the most anterior point (on the chest or abdomen) and the most posterior point (on the shoulder or buttocks) of the trunk.
28. Acromion to olecranon tip length
Length between the most lateral point on the superior surface of the acromion process of the scapula and the most proximal point of the olecranon, i.e. the tip of the ulna at elbow.
29. Olecranon to stylion length
Length between the proximal point of the olecranon, i.e., the tip of





R.No. Parameters Definition (brief)
  Horizontal(otherwisementioned specifically)circumferences at different areas
30. Chest (mid tidal) on bust On the chest at nipple level.
31. Chest (mid tidal) below bust On the chest below the nippl elevel
32. Abdominal extension Waist On the abdomen, at its maximum extended point
33. Waist On the waist, at the level of the upper margin of the lateral iliac crests, (wher ethe belt is worn).
34. Hip at gluteal extension At the level of the maximum protrusion (glutealextension) of the buttocks.






R.No. Parameters Definition ( brief)
40. Relaxed elbow On the elbow encompassing the elbow pit and the olecranon tip of the arm in hanging relaxed position.
41. Relaxed forearm Maximum horizontal circumference at the lower arm (hanging relaxed) wherever found.
42. Wrist At the styloid processes of radius and ulna (where the wrist band is worn).





R.No. Parameters Definition ( brief)
  Arm reach lengths and heights
  Arm reach lengths and heights in different standing postural variations and directions are explained with relevant figures in respective data sheets.
43 Standing in erect posture, vertical comfortable arm reach height from floor.
44 Standing in erect posture, body stretched and standing on toe, vertical comfortable arm reach height from floor.
45 Standing in erect posture, vertical comfortable grasp (centre of a grasp while holding a rod of
30 mm diameter) reach height from floor.



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