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1.Static anthropometry, standing heights
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 Content

Static antropometry, standing heights

 
 Theory
  • About experiment
  • measurement procedures
  • Step by step procedure
  • Direct method
  • Indirect method
  • Animated demonstration
 
 
 

This Study aims at understanding the various basic anthropometric landmarks, dimensions in standing posture it also involves measuring techniques and equipment used and

to provide same reference data to acquaint with the data set in Indian population context in various ranges of %-ile figures and respective ratio value between parameters and height.

   

The presentation acquaints

 
  1. To understand the common anthropometric terms (with appropriate illustrations) in a standing posture heights, lengths, breadths and depths.
  2. To understand the basic measuring technique using low cost devices.
  3. To acquaint with the standing anthrpometric dimensions in a holistic presentation, the tabular flow interlinking the definition, measuring land marks illustrations and data set being provided.
    • This section consists of definition, reference datasheet and practical aquaintances with animated experience.
    • For details click side bars

figure showing measuring body height (shoulder height in the figure) using anthropometric rod set.
     
 

About experiment

 
 

Those physical human body dimensions which have an impact on primary design dimensions are static anthropometry. Body measurements include direct measurements of various body parts; say heights, lengths, depths, breadths and the circumferences of head, neck, trunk, hands and legs in some standard positions.

As standard practice, the collection of body structural data in static body positions is easier than the collection of body functional data in dynamic body positions. When this dimensions are taken in standing static posture it is called standing static anthropometry.

     
 

Measuring Procedures

 
 

Both direct and indirect measuring procedures are followed to collect anthropometric data from selected subjects in a particular population. Direct and indirect body measuring procedures may be

done separately or taken both simultaneously, depending on the context of the dimensional requirement and the suitability of the study.

     
 

Step by step procedure
Measuring dimensions: technique

 
 

The measuring methods as demonstrated in the video and illustrations presented herein may be followed with the relevant experimental set up using

(A) anthropometer set (e.g., rods marked in part millimeter scale are joined together to make a single scale from 0 to 200 cm and using various sliding branches),

(B) anthropometric board and other relevant devices specifically developed for suitability to measure respective measurements.
Data treatments – relevant calculations are to be followed.
Data usage- principles and thumb rules are to be maintained.

     
 

Direct methods
Direct body measuring instruments mostly used are:

 
 
  • A common set of anthropometric instruments.
  • Anthropometric board with grid marks.
  • Some other special measuring devices such as adjustable foot measuring instruments box and blocks, marked conical devices for measuring the grip diameter and inner circumferences.
  • Special various diameter holes containing panels for measuring finger diameter etc.
  • For circumferences, non-stretchable tapes are used. For specific measurements specific devices may also be created.
 

 

 
 

Indirect methods 

 
 

Indirect measurements may be taken through photographic methods, using still photography and filming the whole body and/or parts from different angles against a marked grid background, or superimposition of a grid on the photographed human body. To guard against parallax errors (problems where the actual dimensions may change) much care must be

taken for dynamic measurements, subjects are asked to perform the intended tasks in actual and/or simulate situations and the relevant measurements are taken. Subjects may leave some marks denoting the limits to which they can stretch their limbs in a comfortable position. Different types of grids are also used to measure these mark

Click the image below and press "up arrow" and "down arrow" on the keyboard to move the scale for viewing the reading counter.

   
 


Figure demonstrating height measurement
through antropometric rod.
Figure demonstrating breadth mesurement
through antropopetric rod.
 
     
     
     

 

 

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